Introduction


Ngā Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants website provides access to information on plant taxa that occur in New Zealand. This information is derived from the New Zealand Plant Names Database and the Allan Herbarium Specimen database.

The Plant Names Database lists c. 46,000 names, including synonyms and incorrectly applied names. The database indicates which of the names are preferred for use at the Allan Herbarium (CHR), and provides information on the biostatus and the authorship of the taxa. It contains data for lichens, liverworts, mosses, ferns, freshwater algae and seed plants in New Zealand. Additional biodiversity information on New Zealand flora provides users with a more complete list of scientific names and descriptions from recent taxonomic revisions, relevant key and bibliographic information on the use of names in publication. The site also provides vernacular and maori names, and images. Editorial work on the Plant Names Database is ongoing. As new treatments, taxa and naturalisations are published these are added to the database.

The Allan Herbarium Specimen Database provides the label information from the herbarium specimens held at the Allan Herbarium. The collection includes specimens of lichens, liverworts, mosses, ferns, marine and freshwater algae and seed plants that are wild in New Zealand. Of the estimated 600,000 specimens held in this collection, approximately 25% have so far been databased. The information derived from the specimen database is used to generate the geographic distribution maps.

Classification

The genera are classified into families according to the following classifications:

  • Seed plants: primarily follows Mabberley, D. J. (2008) Mabberley's Plant Book, a portable dictionary of plants, classification and uses.  3rd edition. Cambridge University Press.
  • Ferns: Smith, A.R.; Pryer, K.M.; Schuettpelz, E.; Korall, P.; Schneider, H.; Wolf, P.G. (2006)  A classification for extant ferns.  Taxon 55(3): 705-731.
  • Freshwater algae:
    • Cyanobacteria:
      • Anagnostidis, K.; Komárek, J. (1985) Modern approach to the classification system of cyanophytes. 1 - Introduction. Algological Studies 38/39: 291-302.
      • Anagnostidis, K.; Komárek, J. (1988) Modern approach to the classification system of cyanophytes. 5 - Stigonematales. Algological Studies 59: 1-73.
      • Anagnostidis, K.; Komárek, J. (1990) Modern approach to the classification system of cyanophytes. 3 - Oscillatoriales. Algological Studies 50-53: 327-472.
      • Komárek, J.; Anagnostidis, K. (1989) Modern approach to the classification system of cyanophytes. 4 - Nostocales. Algological Studies 56: 247-345.
      • Komárek, J.; Anagnostidis, K. (1998) Cyanoprokaryota 1. Teil Chroococcales. Vol. 19/1 in Ettl, H.; Gartner, G.; Heynig, H.; Mollenhauer, D. (eds) Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena.
    • Desmids:
      • Croasdale, H.; Flint, E.A. (1986) Flora of New Zealand. Freshwater algae, Chlorophyta, desmids. Volume I. Government Printer, Wellington.
      • Croasdale, H.; Flint, E.A. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Freshwater algae, Chlorophyta, desmids. Volume II. Botany Division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch.
      • Croasdale, H.; Flint, E.A.; Racine, M.M. (1994) Flora of New Zealand. Freshwater algae, Chlorophyta, desmids. Volume III. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln.
    • Other algae, largely follow the system of:
      • Bourrelly, P. (1981) Les algues d'eau douce.Initiation á la systématique. Tome 2: Les algues jaunes et brunes. Société Nouvelle des Éditions Boubée, Paris.
      • Bourrelly, P. (1985) Les algues d'eau douce.Initiation á la systématique. Tome 3: Les algues bleues et rouges. Les Eugleniens, Peridiniens et Cryptomonadines. Société Nouvelle des Éditions Boubée, Paris.
      • Bourrelly, P. (1990) Les algues d'eau douce.Initiation á la systématique. Tome 1: Les algues vertes. Société Nouvelle des Éditions Boubée, Paris.
  • Mosses: Vitt, D.H. (1984) Classification of the Bryopsida. In: Schuster, R.M., New manual of bryology. Vol. 2. Nichinan, Hattori Botanical Laboratory. Pp. 696-759.
  • Liverworts: Grolle R. (1983) Nomina generica Hepaticarum; references, types and synonymies. Acta Botanica Fennica 121: 1-62.
  • Lichens: Kirk, P.M., Cannon P.F. David, J.C., Stalpers, J.A. (2002) Ainsworth and Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi. 9th Edition. CABI Publishing, UK.