Search Help

Name Search Help

The simple search returns records that contain the search text anywhere within either the full Scientific Name or the Vernacular name (including Maori name) - depending on which check box is selected in the Search Scope. A Scientific Name search will only return scientific names, while a Vernacular name search will return the vernacular name followed by its scientific name.

A Vernacular name is a name a plant is commonly known as and may include more than one, for example, cabbage tree is one of the vernacular names for Cordyline australis (G.Forst.) Endl.

A tag name is an informal working name for what some people believe may be a species, subspecies or variety, but has never been published as a name at any rank.

Simple search tips

The search results show the scientific name for a taxon at any rank, including the authors of the names.

For example
“austral” will find names containing “austral” anywhere in the text e.g., australis and australe
“raoulia hoo” will find names containing “raoulia” and “hoo” e.g., Raoulia hookeri Allan or Raoulia australis Hook.f.

Simple search can include 'and', 'or' and 'not' statements, although the 'and' search function is performed by default when more than one word is entered in the search field.

For example "raoulia and y" will find names containing both "raoulia" and "y" e.g. Raoulia goyenii Kirk.
"raoulia or australis" will return all terms that contain either "raoulia" or "australis" or both e.g. Plantago australis Lam. and Raoulia australis Hook.f.
"raoulia not australis" will return all names containing "raoulia" but not containing "australis" e.g. Raoulia monroi Hook.f. but not Raoulia australis Hook.f.
.."raoulia and (h or cin) not hook" will return names containing "raoulia" and any names or authors containing "h" or "cin", but not containing "hook" e.g. Raoulia cinerea Petrie and Raoulia hectorii var. mollis Buchanan, but not Raoulia australis Hook.f.

Advanced Search

Advanced search offers numerous options for making searches more precise and getting more useful results. Advanced search can include 'and', 'or' and 'not' statements as described above, and applied to individual field names:

Name: This field contains the scientific name for a taxon at any rank, including the authors of the names, e.g. "Poa anceps G.Forst."

Canonical Name: This is the terminal ‘element’ of the name, excluding the authors. e.g. "anceps".
The term "canonical" is borrowed from algebra in order to indicate a defined component which is part of a logically constructed whole. Unfortunately, in botanical nomenclature, there is no single word for this entity.

Authors: The author(s) of the name cited in standard form as listed by Brummitt and Powell (1992: Authors of Plant Names. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.), the International Plant Names Index, Kirk and Ansell (1992: Authors of Fungal Names, CABI).

Year of Publication: This field contains the year the name was published.

Year on Publication: This field contains the actual year of publication of a name in a taxonomic work when the year is known to be different to the year written on the publication.

NameTaxonRankFk: This field contains the rank for each taxonomic name listed in the database. This field can be used to find all the names at a given rank, for example by searching for “family” all family names will be returned. The values in this field are one of the following ranks: Kingdom, Phylum, Division, Class, Order, Family, Genus, species, subspecies (subsp.), variety (var.), form (f.), cultivar (cv.).

The abbreviations in the brackets above should be used to search for ranks below species.

Type Taxon: This field contains the taxonomic name of type taxon.

Invalid: This field indicates whether a name is valid according to the International Codes of Nomenclature. Use "true" or "false" to incorporate this search field.

Collection Search Help

The simple search displays specimens held in the herbarium that fit the search criteria in any of their fields. The advanced search function allows you to specify the fields in which the searches are performed.

Collection search can include 'and', 'or' and 'not' statements, although the 'and' search function is performed by default when more than one word is entered in the search field.

Clicking on a "Select" button next to a result will bring up more information for that specimen.

Description Search Help

The description search lists all available descriptions for the taxon names that match the search criteria. Click on the description hyperlink to view the full description.

Image Search Help

The image search function will list all images that fit the search criteria. The search criteria can be a taxon name or a collection number. Clicking on the thumbnail image will bring up a larger sized image.

Literature Search Help

The literature search function displays all available publications that feature the search criteria in any field. Click on any of the results to bring up the details of that publication.

The advanced search function allows more precise results by selecting which fields to search in, namely Title, Author, Location, Publisher, Keywords and Publication Date.